Saturday, December 22, 2007
PAN-AFRICANISM In the context which most American blacks use it, the term Pan-Africanism refers to the belief in the uniqueness and spiritual unity of all black people and to the concurrent demand for self-determination in Africa for Africans as well as the demand for equal and dignified treatment for blacks throughout the world community. W. E. B. Du Bois, one of the earliest advocates of Pan-Africanism, drew an interesting parallel between Zionism and Pan-Africanism: "The African movement means to us what the Zionist movement must mean to the Jews, the centralization of race effort and the recognition of a racial fount." For a, fuller discussion of African-American attitudes concerning Pan-Africanism, see also: BACK TO AFRICA MOVEMENTS, W. E. B. DU BOIS and MARCUS GARVEY.