Wednesday, December 26, 2007
GERRYMANDERING Gerrymandering refers to the practice of drawing or manipulating the boundaries of voting districts to give one group or political party a numerical advantage over other groups or political parties. In addition to such devices as literacy tests, poll taxes, grandfather clauses and white primaries, gerrymandering was often used by southern white Democrats to neutralize the black vote after the passage of the Fifteenth Amendment. Voting district boundaries were drawn so as to give whites a numerical majority over their black neighbors, thereby destroying any political influence the latter might have exerted. See also:DISFRANCHISEMENT.